Diabetes is a problem that not only is a blood sugar problem but it is more likely to get your nerves damaged and hinder circulation of blood. This problem can be root cause of many circulatory problems and infections that affect your feet. Thus for all the people who are suffering from diabetes, proper foot care is essential. Otherwise serious health problems can occur that would affect health of your feet. Research suggests that diabetic patients need to keep an eye on their feet every day and if they encounter any problem; they must consult their doctor. Only proper precautionary measures can keep your feet safe and here we are sharing some important tips for proper feet care for diabetic patients.
Symptoms of Feet Problems with Diabetes:
Feet problem symptoms serve as early warnings for all those who have diabetes and these may include:
- Paining feet
- Tingling effect
- Lack of sensations (cold, hot, touch etc.)
- Changing color of feet or toenails.
- Changing shape of feet.
- Redness, blisters, swelling, ulcers, ingrown toenails and other problems.
Tips for Foot Care with Diabetes:
Check Feet Daily: Precaution is important and it is truly better than sure. Diabetes is a problem that can give rise to nerves damage. If you are sufferer of diabetes, you may find diagnosis of such problems difficult with swelling and cracks under your feet. It is best to mirror check and inspect your feet on a daily basis. Look for signs such as cracks, cuts, soreness, dryness, and change of color or anything that is unusual with your feet.
Avoid Soaking in Hot Water: As part of precaution, you should avoid soaking your feet in hot water. If the water is too hot for a diabetic patient with nerve damage, it could scald their skin and because of nerve damage they won’t be able to realize it. Always check temperature of water before stepping your feet in. Too much of hot water can actually cause serious burns, blisters and other problems leading to serious infections.
Use Mild Soap and Dry your Skin Well: Avoid soaking too much in water and just wash your feet with a mild soap. After washing make sure you dry your feet well. Usually the space between your toes is really tight and that is where moisture may lead to infection. So make sure you dry space between toes to avoid infection. A light moisturizer can be used to avoid dry skin but don’t over moisturize specially between toes as it could lead to a problem.
Maintain your Toenails well: After bath, your toenails are soft so it is best for diabetic patients to trim them across after bath. File them well and smooth. Don’t cut through toes’ corners and cuticles. If you are unable to treat your toenails for any reason, you can visit a podiatrist for this purpose.
Proper Footwear: This includes wearing a properly fitting and clean pair of shoes and socks. Make sure that shoes have space and it fits you well. Deep toe box and a supportive upper and bottom is essential. Along with that make sure socks that you are putting on is padded so that it could control moisture. People suffering from diabetes may opt for orthotic footwear too for their added comfort and support for feet. Your footwear should have:
- Closed toes
- Closed heels
- Robust outer sole
- Leather upper
- Soft insole
- Smooth inside
Avoid Going Barefoot: Outside you will surely be wearing shoes but even when you don’t need them, make sure you wear shoes. This would include wearing shoes inside the house too. Avoid going barefoot as you will be at risk of infections, small cuts or other injuries that can prove to be much more complicated for you because of diabetes and neuropathy. So make sure you wear shoes at all times when you are on your feet.
Get your Feet Problems Treated without Delay: If you encounter any feet problems, you should immediately consult your doctor for a proper treatment. Any mind infection or soreness must not be ignored as it could cause serious problems with diabetes. Don’t look for home remedies, over the counter medicines or self-treatment. Visit a doctor and get your skin treated with a proper method.
Medical Examination: You will be examining your feet on daily basis but you need to keep a strict eye on your sugar level, blood pressure, cholesterol etc. Check-ups and maintaining proper levels is extremely important for complete health. Go for regular and complete medical examinations.
Exercise (Non-Impact): Make exercising a part of your daily routine to gain health benefits from head to feet. Although you should make sure that you opt for exercises that would go easy for your feet. Especially if you are suffering from neuropathy, opt for low-impact exercises that do not exert much pressure on your feet and serve the purpose too.
Healthy Diet: Eat healthy, nutritious and a well-balanced diet that would not only benefit your feet but your entire body.
Stop Smoking: Smoking is dangerous for your overall health. It hinders circulation of blood and nutrients to your feet and thus can result in worsening any feet related problem. Diabetic patients should immediately quit smoking if they want to keep their feet healthy.
With diabetes, you should know how to examine your feet and if any signs or symptoms of any feet problems are witnessed; you should immediately consult your doctor. Proper daily home feet care routine is important to prevent yourself from any major infections or injuries. Along with feet care, keep complete control on your blood sugar level and it is one of the best ways to prevent yourself from any complications.